Analysts at Ceresana forecast sales volume of bags and sacks in Europe to amount to approximately 9.12 million tons in 2020. This study covers the market for bags and sacks manufactured from polyethylene (PE) films, other plastic films, woven plastics, and paper. PE is the by far most common material for the production of bags and sacks.
However, individual materials may account for mhighly different market shares in various applications. This report splits the market into the segments carrier bags, garbage bags and sacks, heavy-duty- and industry sacks, food packaging (including beverages) and others.
The problem of one-way carrier bags made from plastic is not equally severe in all European countries. Besides per capita consumption and amount of re- use, negative effects on the en- vironment also depend on the quality of the national waste management industry and the respective disposal and recy- cling systems. The EU Commis- sion stipulated the objective to reduce consumption of plastic carrier bags. An amendment of the corresponding directive
94/62/EG is supposed to allow for a national ban on certain types of carrier bags.
Independent from EU legislation, individual countries already banned certain carrier bags or are trying to reduce consumption of various products by introdu- cing taxes and fees. Carrier bags made from bioplastics are often exempt from the bans and fees. These are plastics that are either made from renewable resources and/or are biodegradable. Importance and public reception of bags made from bioplastics has been increasing notably in the past years. This becomes ap- parent by the fact that national legislators make explicit reference to these products. Even though the market has been developing at highly dynamic rates in the past, carrier bags made from bioplastics alone will not provide the ultimate solution to the problem.
Heavy-duty- and industry sacks have gained importance during the past years, as a consequence of an increased exchange of goods. Some segments, however, have substituted conventional paper sacks for sacks made from plastics. In areas such as animal feed or construction materials, paper sacks continue to play an important role, but given the good properties of sacks made from PE, those have the potential to gain additional market shares.
Also, development dynamics of individual types of sacks in a country is partly dependent on the amount of packaged goods that is produced. Yet, conven- tional heavy duty sacks made from plastic films are faced with increasing competition from “Flexible Intermediate Bulk Con- tainers” (FIBC). These FIBC are made from stable woven plas- tics, often polypropylene, and can reach a capacity of up to 1,500 liters. Ceresana expects the market for heavy duty and industry sacks made from plas- tic to grow by 1.8 percent p.a. during the next eight years.
On the market for foodstuff packaging, an increasing trend towards plastic pouches becomes apparent. They are substituting metal tins and glass jars in particular. One advantage of plastic pouches is that they can adapt to the shape of packaged goods, which allows for the optimization of packaging size.
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